The Origin of Taekwondo | ART OF ONE DOJO

The Origin of Taekwondo | ART OF ONE DOJO


Known for its speed, power, kicks and acrobatic
techniques, Taekwondo has become on of the most popular martial arts, especially in competition. So, in this video we’re gonna take a quick
look at the history and origin of Taekwondo. Now, I just wanna say that the Korean martial
arts have an incredibly rich history and I couldn’t possibly include every detail in
this video. So, this is gonna serve more as an out of
respect for those who practice the art, as well as provide a quick peek at its history
for those interested in learning more. Now, if you wanna further your studies on
the history and origin of Taekwondo, I’ve included some links below in the description. Taking a look back at early history, Korea
was originally divided into three kingdoms; one in the north and two in the south, which
took up the entire Korean peninsula and also part of what is China and Russia today. These three kingdoms formed the joint system
of unarmed combat called Subak. And each one contributed their own specific
techniques and teachings often based on the terrain and environmental influences. Subak flourished both in military training
as well as culturally becoming a very popular sport and form of entertainment. It is even said that the king practiced the
art. Subak faded with the fall of the kingdoms
and the rise of the Joseon dynasty. During the Joseon period in Korea, there was
an emphasis on literally and cultural arts over the physical combat of martial arts. And Subak lost its dominance and its practice
was restricted to competition and sport. At some point during the Joseon dynasty, the
art of Taekkyeon emerged. There is a little bit of historical debate
as to whether Taekkyeon was a new art or simply Subak under a different name. Taekkyeon utilizes techniques to trip, throw
or take your opponent off balance. It emerged as a popular art and even remains
today in competition and exhibition. Now, there is a lot more history to both Subak
and Taekkyeon as well as several other arts including the art of Gungdo, but hopefully
this provides a little bit of historical foundation. In 1914, a man by the name of Hwang Kee was
born and found a passion in the martial arts. He was said to have extensively studied and
mastered Taekkyeon during high school. Under the Japanese occupation of Korea, it
is believed that many native Korean martial arts were banned or restricted with Koreans
having to train in the Japanese arts. Kee seemingly had attracted the attention
of Japanese authorities so he sought out a new path and headed to China. While living in China, Kee claimed to have
trained in the Chinese art of Yang Kung Fu, studying its effectiveness in close quarter
combat. In addition to his native Korean roots and
Chinese training, he also studied Okinawan Karate. When the Japanese occupation fell at the end
of world war II, Kee returned to Korea and became one of five founders of a new martial
art system. There schools or Kwans were established by
martial artists that had a mixture of Japanese and Chinese influences. At the end of the Korean war, four more schools
joined and together they make up the original nine Kwans and created the foundation of Tang
Soo Do. Each Kwan taught their own version of the
arts and their influence and popularity spread quickly throughout Korea even into the military. In 1952, the president of South Korea suggested
that the Kwans be combined into a single unified art. The Kwans began to work together and called
this art Tae Soo Do. Kee continued to develop his own teachings
and his art of Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do went on to become one of the most dominant versions
of the art. During the formation of this unified art,
general Choi Hong Hi and also one of the founding Kwans suggested the name Taekwondo. Choi is often referred to as the founder of
Taekwondo although there seems to be some controversy to this and is a topic of debate. In 1959, the Korean Taekwondo association
was formed in order to complete unification of the arts. Choi did not fully agree with the politics
as the South Korean government did not want any inclusion of North Korean martial arts
while Choi felt that they should include all Korean arts. In 1966, Choi broke off and formed his own
organization, the International Taekwondo Federation. The south Korean government eventually dropped
support of the ITF and Choi established headquarters in Toronto, Canada. In 1973, the south Korean ministry of culture,
sports and tourism established Kukkiwon, the official World Taekwondo Academy. Together with the KTA they formed the World
Taekwondo Federation in an effort to promote the art as an international sport. In 1962, Taekwondo was introduced to America
when Jhoon Goo Rhee opened up his first American school in Washington DC. He is often recognized as the father of American
Taekwondo. Taekwondo continues to flourish today with
many different school and variations and is currently only one of two Asian arts to be
included as an Olympic sport. So, that is the bridge version of the history
and origin of Taekwondo. As I said earlier, the martial arts in Korea
have such a rich history I couldn’t include all of it in just this one video. So, for those of you wishing to further your
academic study, I’ve included a bunch of references below in the description box. Also, I invite all Taekwondoin to contribute
to this discussion and provide some more insights that we might not be aware of. Thank you so much for watching.

Author:

100 thoughts on “The Origin of Taekwondo | ART OF ONE DOJO”

  • I am a Korean, The fact is TKD is not Karate but TKD from Okinawa Karate originally. Actually, real original traditional Korean martial arts is Taekkyon. Karate is not original Japanese martial arts. It was from Ryukyu kingdom.

  • Overall, a pretty good video. I realize you were pressed for time, but I do wish that the video had included some mention of Grandmaster H. U. Lee and his influence on Taekwondo.

  • Charles DiGerlando says:

    Very interesting summary. Thank you. I have studied TKD for years and heard many different versions of its origins. I would be curious how you think hapkido originated? Which seems to have influences from jujitsu/judo, which I also study. So I think it is safe to say that there are many influences, all developed by the genius and talent of the ages. RIP Jhoon Rhee.

  • Alexander Vasolla says:

    This film completely omits the areas of 1910 to 1950 which is when many Korean students studied in university in Japan, and joined Karate Dojo there. After their studies they came back to Korea and opened Dojangs of "Korean Karate" . A very few had studied in China and learned some northern Shaolin styles. This was the basis of the formation of Tangsoodo and later coined Taekwondo. The basis of Taekwondo is Japanese and Okinawan Karate. This film omits to mention that important aspect.

  • My God yea…take old Chinese kungfu drawing and tell the world that it's actually origins of TkD…TKD and other korean martial arts were SOOO secret that they just started to be discovered in 1965.

  • Goktimus Prime says:

    The first 3 minutes of this video is largely irrelevant to the history of Taekwondo. Sean Hiatt is 100% correct; Taekwondo is basically a Korean variant of Japanese Shotokan Karate. It is not directly descendant from Subak, Taekkyeon or any other historical Korean martial art, and any influences from those arts are likely to be superficial at best. Just compare the basic Taegyuk and Taikyoku forms from TKD and Karate respectively – they're almost identical. Even the names are the same. "Taeguk" is merely the Korean pronunciation of Taikyoku (太極).

    As this video pointed out, Korean martial arts were greatly diminished during the Joseon Dynasty as this was when Korean entered an age of Neo Confucianism and the military was looked down upon. Becoming a scholar or statesman was considered far more honourable than becoming a mere soldier. The anti-military culture of the Joseon made it easier for the Tokugawa Japanese samurai to invade Korea. And while Admiral Yi Sun Shin did successfully thwart this invasion, he was countermanded by the Joseon government at almost every turn (he was even arrested and demoted, and at one stage nearly sentenced to execution for trying to defend Korea!!).

    You had several Korean practitioners of Japanese martial arts, and they were making money by opening schools and teaching these arts in Korea. But after WWII there was a strong anti-Japanese in Korea which would've threatened business, and in order to continue teaching Japanese martial arts in post-war Korea, many of these schools had to rebrand themselves as Korean arts, even though they were still fundamentally more Japanese. Karate became Taekwondo and Aikido became Hapkido… which is a really lazy name change because "Hapkido" is just the Korean word for Aikido (合気道). :p Anyway, the point is that many Japanese martial arts schools in Korea rebranded themselves and their image to appear more Korean in order to survive. Things are often given a different image to make them look more politically correct or exotic. Fortune cookies and Chinese Checkers aren't Chinese (they're American and German respectively), Arabic numerals aren't Arabic (they're Persian) et al.

    As for people who are saying that Karate is a Chinese martial art… well… you're kinda right. Okinawan Karate is basically a variant of Chinese Fujian Kung Fu. Japanese Karate is a variant of Okinawan Karate, and Taekwondo is a variant of Japanese Karate. So Taekwondo is a Korean variant of a Japanese variant of an Okinawan variant of Chinese Fujian Kung Fu! 😀 Note that the "Fujian" part of the name is important, as the Fujian styles are distinctively different from many other Southern Kung Fu styles – it looks more like Karate (or more accurately, Karate looks more like Fujian Kung Fu ;)). Fujian Kung Fu is also the origin of the Sam Chiem stance and form, known as "Sanchin" in Japanese

  • Dimitrios Tsepetzidis says:

    karate is also olympic since 6 AUG 16 check the lists of the olymp.. very good video i really liked it , keep up the good work !!
    Greetings from sunny Greece

  • EXCELLENT discription no matter what anyone else says. I have practiced Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan and Tang Soo Do since 1972 as well as learning Okinawan Kenpo – Kobudo (Laohu Kenpo) Jeet Kune Do, etc. One thing though — the Korean way to pronounce it sounds more like Teh Kwahn Doe not Tai Quan Doe.

  • I'm 69 and originally began my training with the Norris system in Torrance California. There was a split and many of us joined Hwang Kee's, then, Tang Soo Do, which evolved into Soo Bahk Do. I served on the board of directors was a regional examiner for Hwang Kee under the guidance of his son Hyung Chul Hwang. Eventually I left and became non affiliated for the last 10 years before I retired. I spent some 20 years researching the history of my art. I avoided politics like the plague. My goal was to find some clarity beyond the folklore that often passes as history. Of all the books and pdf files I read one stood out, Shotokan's Secret, by Professor Bruce Clayton. Tang Soo Do, Tae Kwon Do and Soo Bahk Do cannot be understood properly without going to Okinawa. That's where you will find your roots. I highly recommend reading this book. There are two ways to read. One, the incorrect way, is to look for things you agree and or disagree with. The other is to simply sit back and appreciate what the author is attempting to gift you. My apologies for the long post. Bill Diaz, Seattle

  • Wow amazing vedio this is what I was searching for as iam taekwondo black belt iwant to know the origin of taekwondo.

  • richard woeckener says:

    Hwang kee was my grand master… my teachers were not allowed to award me my belts only a piece of tape on my belt as to my ranking per belt.. in order to get my next belt i had to meet with grand master hwang kee with some buddist monks in nyc in a private large room every year for the next 14 years.. i was hand picked by my grand master.. due to natural ability, speed and precision…my training was EXTREME mixed with asian philosophy(train the mind) I have competed in many tournaments (full contact) and closed door tournaments..(undefeated)… i also have to say this … I AM ASHAMED FOR WHAT TKD, TANG SO DO AND SOO BAHK DO HAS BECOME..ITS A KICKING FRENZY ..LITTLE TO NO HAND TECH IN TOURNAMENTS!! And most will achieve a black belt in 5 years or less…it took me 10 years of extreme training to achieve my first degree black belt! And yes i am old now.. all i can do is teach…(im south korean)

  • NOOBSDABESTWO Roblox And More says:

    Nice Video Man…. I never knew that Im Just A Yellow Belt who ever wants to know the belts here: White,Yellow Stripe,Yellow,Green stripe,Green,Blue stripe,Blue,Red Stripe, Red, Black stripe, Black.

  • Albert Brabham says:

    I think there is a lot of biased comments on the topic of Taekwondo. I feel with confidence that the critics posting their criticisms practice a different format of the martial arts, mostly it appears these people are practitioners of Shotokan, and to that I, as also a practitioner of Shotokan Karate have this to say.
    Taekwondo was officially recognized (officially ) by its name in the 60s and Shotokan was officially recognized (officially ) in the beginning of the 1900s. Neither of these arts just happened! When you do kata or poom, you are connecting with a lineage that ripples throughout time, and has been built on top of the experience of each generation. That's is in essence something that makes the martial arts organic and beautiful, is that it evolves as cultural influence adds and shares it's knowledge of the art, if not we would still be cave men lol!
    So let's stop arguing semantics this is getting as distracting as religious or political debates!
    I refuse to tolerate the my tradition is better because of (whatever ) it's petty and beneath us. Just practice your Art embrace it and know that it's not perfect! It's not original! It's not the oldest! It's not the best! It's not important to anyone or anything except for how important you make it to you! They all have limitations and require additional forms to be more well rounded.
    Good video, thanks for listening to my rant, and I apologize for its length lol

  • the origin of TKD is shotokan karate from japan….. the first instructors and makers of this TKD learned shotokan karate in japan…. That is why many of Tkd's forms and technics are very similar to shotokan Karate. The real traditional martial art of Korea is Taekkyon. However many koreans are still believeing the TKD is their traditional martial art… How stupid they are right ….

  • Courtney Ellis says:

    Taekwondo was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by Korean martial artists with experience in martial arts such as karate, Chinese martial arts, and slightly possible some indigenous Korean martial arts traditions
    such as Taekkyeon, Subak, and Gwonbeop. The oldest governing body for taekwondo is the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA), formed in 1959 through a collaborative effort by representatives
    from the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools, in Korea. The main international organizational bodies for taekwondo today are the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), founded by Choi Hong Hi in 1966, and the partnership of the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo (WT, formerly WTF), founded in 1972 and 1973 respectively by the Korea Taekwondo Association. Gyeorugi , a type of full-contact sparring, has been an Olympic event since 2000. The governing body for taekwondo in the Olympics and Paralympics is World Taekwondo.

    Beginning in 1945, shortly after the end of World War II, new martial arts schools called kwans were opened in Seoul. These schools were established by Korean martial artists with backgrounds in
    Japanese, Chinese and Korean martial arts. The umbrella term traditional taekwondo typically refers to the martial arts practiced by the kwans during the 1940s and 1950s, though in reality the term "taekwondo" had not yet been coined at that time, and indeed each Kwan was practicing its own unique style of martial art. During this time taekwondo was also adopted for use by the South Korean military, which increased its popularity among civilian martial arts schools. After witnessing a martial arts demonstration by the military in 1952, South Korean President Syngman Rhee urged that
    the martial arts styles of the kwans be merged. Beginning in 1955 the leaders of the kwans began discussing in earnest the possibility of creating a unified style of Korean martial arts. The name Tae Soo Do was used to describe this unified style. This name consists of the hanja tae "to stomp, trample", su "hand" and do "way, discipline".

    Choi Hong Hi advocated the use of the name Tae Kwon Do, i.e. replacing su "hand" by kwon "fist", the term also used for "martial arts" in Chinese. The new name was initially slow to catch on among the leaders of the kwans. In 1959 the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) was established to facilitate the unification of Korean martial arts. In 1966, Choi broke with the KTA to establish the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) as a separate governing body devoted to institutionalizing his own style of taekwondo.
    Cold War politics of the 1960s and 1970s complicated the adoption of ITF-style taekwondo as a unified style, however. The South Korean government wished to avoid North Korean influence on the martial art. Conversely, ITF president Choi Hong Hi sought support for the martial art from all quarters, including North Korea. In response, in 1973 South Korea withdrew its support for the ITF. The
    ITF continued to function as an independent federation, then headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Choi continued to develop the ITF-style, notably with the 1987 publication of his Encyclopedia of Taekwondo. After Choi's retirement, the ITF split in 2001 and then again in 2002 to create three separate federations each of which continues to operate today under the same name.

    In 1973 the South Korean government's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism established the Kukkiwon as the new national academy for taekwondo. Kukkiwon now served many of the functions
    previously served by the KTA, in terms of defining a government-sponsored unified style of taekwondo. In 1973 the KTA and Kukkiwon supported the establishment of the World Taekwondo
    Federation (WTF, renamed to World Taekwondo in 2017 due to confusion with the initialism to promote taekwondo specifically as an international sport. WT competitions employ Kukkiwon-style taekwondo. For this reason, Kukkiwon-style taekwondo is often referred to as WT-style taekwondo, sport-style taekwondo, or Olympic-style taekwondo, though in reality the style is defined by the Kukkiwon, not the WTF.

    Since 2000, taekwondo has been one of only two Asian martial arts (the other being judo) that are included in the Olympic Games. It became a demonstration event at the 1988 games in Seoul, a
    year after becoming a medal event at the Pan Am Games, and became an official medal event at the 2000 games in Sydney. In 2010, taekwondo was accepted as a Commonwealth Games sport.

    General Choi Hong Hi with support from Nam Tae Hi founded the Oh Do Kwan in 1953 as part of the Republic of Korea Army's Physical Training Program. Though initially founded as a school for
    military training, the kwan soon developed a civilian annex as well. The primary civilian annex was called Dae Han Taekwon-Do Oh Do Kwan Jung Ang Bon Kwan. The civilian annex was located in
    Seoul, as were all the major kwans at that time. Oh Do Kwan also taught Korean Police throughout South Korea, and instructed at some universities as well.
    The first people to instruct the army in martial arts were Nam Tae Hi, Woo Jong Lim, Ko Jae Chun, Kim Suk Kyu, Baek Joon Ki, Kwak Keun Sik, Kim Bong Sik, Han Cha Kyo Chung Jang Keun, and Kim Bok Man, almost all of whom were originally Chung Do Kwan members. Chung Do Kwan members brought into Oh Do Kwan by senior Chung Do Kwan members Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo.

    The first documented patterns to be unique to Taekwon-do were taught at Oh Do Kwan. These were the Chang Hun tul; these were designed primarily by General Choi, with assistance from Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo. These patterns were spread throughout the world by General Choi upon his creation of the International Taekwon-Do Federation in 1966.

    Today the Oh Do Kwan still exist in Korea as a social club and has an annual celebration every year in Seoul. Oh Do Kwan was dissolved as a martial art system in the mid-1970s. The Oh Do Kwan
    social club adopted the Kukkiwon style of taekwondo in 1972. Oh Do Kwan's current president is Han Myung Hak. I apologize if I repeated myself and I think you should read A killing Art by Alex
    Gillis, There are no Hwrang Do or ancient arts and Gumdo is just Kendo as Taekwon Do is a weaponless art

  • Some people may watch this and just days later continue to say TKD is only kicking and isnt a complete martial art.

  • Courtney Ellis says:

    General Choi was a unique person, he endured the Japanese rule of Korea, changed his name while living in Japan and was at one point even drafted into the Japanese army to fight. He had an amazing life and it is best studied as he was the founder of the KTA, Even though he is listed as a principle founder of
    Taekwon- Do, history has done their best to keep him out of the light, but that will never because of the ITF.

  • dragondescendant1 says:

    Japanese karate was originated from Okinawa an independent country where fishermen from Japanese and Chinese meet. Japanese stole and learned kung fu from Chinese. Japanese took one page from Chinese martial arts, they called karate aka empty hand philosophy.

  • Pretty much standard korean propaganda and just grains of truth in this video. All Kwan (or schools) can be traced back to the 1940s at the earliest and ALL of them have a strong if not exclusive karate lineage. You glossed over just about all the Kwan and their founders by the way. Hwang Kee and Choi Hong Hi was mentioned but where is the founders of song Mu Kwan, Yoon Mu Kwan, Ji Do Kwan, Chang Mu Kwan etc? Personally if id make a history video on taekwondo id probably start with the different Kwan and where they came from instead of including political propaganda of the three kingdoms era etc:-)

  • You must also include the history of Kwonbop which was a competition style
    Martial arts for nobility in Korea which was based on kicks….

  • It would've been nice that you showed the name of the old martial arts in text. So i dint have to guess what you were saying in korean.
    Thanks for the video

  • Wow, you sure had your work cut out for you trying to shine a light on the origins of TKD.
    Looking at the comments, I guess no good deed goes unpunished.
    TKD Han Moo Kwan was my high school sport and my masters provided discipline and a stable framework through some turbulent years. I am forever in their debt and will always have a place in my heart for TKD, regardless of who is right and who is wrong about its history.

  • Nice effort at trying to disentangle the history mess. Of all martial arts, there is probably not one as heavily politicized as this one.

    I had the privilege of training with master J.A. Blake (died 8th dan in 2001, first Canadian born to ever become a master) and with his own teacher, which was General Choi Hong Hi himself. I met and trained under him numerous times from 1980 up to a few months before his death in 2002. I also trained with the late Master Tran Trieu Quan and met the general's son, master Choi Jun Hwa several times, both men being responsible for the ITF split in three when North korea appropriated ITF at the death of Choi. I also trained for several years in Karate-Do, most notably Shotokan and I have now been involved with the Olympic Taekwondo movement and Kukkiwon Taekwondo for the last three years.

    All this to say that I have touched since my training started in 1974 a good chunk of this history.

    Gen Choi told me himself that he did lead significant technical expansion and improvement in techniques, teaching and power principles of his Oh Do Kwan style from 1966 onward at the head of his International Taekwon-Do Federation, to the point of making a style that is significantly different from it's roots. But he candidly told me that he did not create the original techniques at all. At the start, he was but the one to lead the unification effort of korean martial arts under his own label of Taekwon-Do at the request of President Rhee.

    He did so with the help of numerous masters, not all by himself. Tang Soo Do grandmaster Hwang Kee was one of those masters involved initially; but eventually he choose not to follow this effort and distanced himself from the burgeoning Tae Kwon Do movement.

    Choi Hong Hi (pronounced "Chei Hong Hee" btw) learned taekkyon from his calligraphy master only as physical exercise because he was a small and sickly child. When he went to Japan to further his studies, he learned Karate-Do to really learn to defend himself, up to 2nd degree black belt under Funakoshi Gichin, founder of Shotokan. When he came back, inspired by the modernization of karate under Funakoshi, he wanted to do the same for Korea. Being involved in the military provided him a perfect platform to do so. He associated himself with Korean masters, especially Nam Tae Hi of Chung Do Kwan and worked into synthesizing and modernizing the martial arts for the military and eventually for the Korean people.

    Hence the only connection to taekkyon is his personal exposition to it as a youth and learning from it to appreciate kicking.

    The connection to Karate-Do however is obviously much more substantial. This is clearly seen in the first decade of what was then called Tae Kwon Do (he made up the name in reference to the old style of his youth), even as he was making his own set of patterns, classical karate-do katas were also taught.

    In those early years, only the emphasis on kicking really distinguished the two arts. The complete separation came with his founding of the ITF in 1966, completing his set of patterns and devising a new training regimen and technical curriculum based on different power principles that would further change later on to bring about what we find today in his Taekwon-Do Encyclopedia.

    And a lot of political intrigue and maneuvering peppered everything all along the way.

    All the while, Korea kept alive the original version of the art with the founding of the WTF in 1973, which eventually led to it's adaptation as an Olympic sport of "kick fencing" so as to firmly separate it from all the other combative sports.

    This is what most people are exposed to nowadays and think it is the whole of the art.

    At the kukkiwon and in the South Korean military however, you can be sure what they are doing as taekwondo is not mere "kick-fencing." All the original hand techniques and hard training are kept very much alive.

    And in the now numerous variants of the modernized Oh Do Kwan style, most calling themselves ITF or some form of it, you see all the variations possible between the completely unique art Choi left as his legacy and deliberate retrofitting to the 1966 basic ITF style, but all of them with at least the full richness of hand techniques you can find in Karate-Do, it's most direct inspiration.

    When I talked of this with the man who first brought Tae kwon Do in Quebec in 1960 and leading the WTF movement there, grandmaster Chong Lee, some time before his recent passing, he confirmed all this to me. There was no Taekwondo before 1973. There was no Taekwon-Do before 1966. There was no Tae Kwon Do before 1955. but there has been a lot of kicking for along time before those. They were doing it differently… but kicking all the same… and punching and grabbing …

  • Choi Hong Hi created taekwondo, mixing japanese karate and korean taekkyeon. only his Kwan was taekwondo school. all other Kwan are basically karate schools.

    the first taekwondo book written by Choi Hong Hi, published at 1959, say “karate is martial art using mostly hands. taekkyeon is martial art using mostly foot. so I created new martial art which is more balanced at using hand and foot, mixing karate and taekkyeon.”

    Choi Hong Hi was general of army and had power. so he bullied karate schools to join association and named it Korea Taekwondo Association at 1959. Choi Hong Hi wanted to make all karate schools to practice his taekwondo but he failed. instead, Choi Hong Hi influenced karate schools to stop practising karate kata[pattern] and to make new kata under his guidance. that is why karate schools under Korea Taekwondo Association did not practice karate kata anymore.

    the name Korea Taekwondo Association was changed into Korea Taesudo Association at 1961 but came back to Korea Taekwondo Association at 1965. Hwang Kee left Korea Taekwondo Association at 1965 and founded Subakdo Federation oversea.

    Choi Hong Hi founded ITF[International Taekwondo Federation] at 1966. and His taekwondo is called ITF taekwondo. Choi Hong Hi moved to Canada at 1972.

    after Choi Hong Hi moved to Canada, Kim Un Yong founded WTF[World Taekwondo Federation] at 1973. and Kim Un Yong, Eom Un Kyu and Yi Jong U created new taekwondo, making new kata and developing new sparring style. the new taekwondo was called WTF taekwondo but is called World taekwondo now. Eom Un Kyu who had big role to create World taekwondo was student of Choi Hong Hi who created ITF taekwondo. that is why techniques of World taekwondo are almost same to ITF taekwondo with some difference. World taekwondo is based on ITF taekwondo.

    to summarize, World Taekwondo was created by Kim Un Yong, Eom Un Kyu and Yi Jong U. World Taekwondo is originated from ITF Taekwondo. ITF Taekwondo was created by Choi Hong Hi. ITF Taekwondo is originated from japanese karate and korean taekkyeon.

    Kwans were mostly karate schools. and taekwondo was created by a few people like Choi Hong Hi and Kim Un Yong. so Kwans are just buildings in taekwondo history.

  • I'm sorry, but the official Korean history is nationalistic nonsense. Dissertations could, and have been written on this. It IS NOT 2000 years old. The Masters of the Original Five Kwans ™ didn't practice the Ancient Art of Tae Kyon or Su Bahk Do. That was later retconning by the ROK government. They did Judo and Karate. Their Dan rankings in Shotokan are matter of public record. The original forms of TKD were Shotokan forms. Same name. Same movements. The extra forms were added later. So was the high kicking in order to differentiate it from Japanese martial arts.

    Yudo and Kumdo are Judo and Kendo with the serial numbers not even fully filed off.

    Kuk Sul Won is bits and pieces of various Chinese martial arts, and the less said about Hwa Rang Do's supposed Secret Origins the better.

    This isn't to say that the Korean versions aren't any good. They have evolved over the last few decades, and their practitioners are as good as any other martial artists. But spreading lies out of "respect" is still lying.

  • James Robert Clark says:

    I appreciate you mentioning Master Hwang Kee & Tang Soo Do. Tang Soo Do is rarely appreciated when compared to Tae Kwan Do.

  • be careful about propaganda by some taekkyeon practicians who don’t like any connection between taekkyeon and taekwondo. they say choi hong hi didn’t know taekkyeon and created taekwondo from only karate, not from both karate and taekkyeon. what they say is lie.

    Lee Won Kuk who was president of Chung Do Kwan asked Choi Hong Hi to be president of Chung Do Kwan because Lee Won Kuk had to moved to japan and Choi Hong Hi agreed. later, Choi Hong Hi became honorary president of Chung Do Kwan and appointed Son Deog Seong president of Chung Do Kwan at 1955. actually Choi Hong Hi was president of Chung Do Kwan and Son Deog Seong was vice president of Chung Do Kwan.

    Son Deog Seong practiced karate in Chung Do Kwan and lived in same village with taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki. Son Deog Seong tried to make martial art school with taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki. but after Son Deog Seong was appointed as president of Chung Do Kwan by Choi Hong Hi, Son Deog Seong stopped working with taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki.

    Son Deog Seong is known as first student who studied taekkeon of Song Deog Ki. when Choi Hong Hi was creating new martial art called taekwondo, Choi Hong Hi was working with Son Deog Seong.

    Choi Hong Hi made an document for government at 1968. Choi Hong Hi mentioned about taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki in the document.

    Choi Hong Hi worked with first student of taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki. and Choi Hong Hi himself made an document mentioning about taekkyeon master Song Deog Ki. how is it possible that Choi Hong Hi didn’t know taekkyeon? Choi Hong Hi knew Song Deog Ki and his teakkyeon. but Song Deog Ki is not teacher of Choi Hong Hi because Choi Hong Hi was researcher of taekkyeon rather than learner of taekkyeon.

  • TKD is the McDonalds of Martial Arts… Dojo’s on nearly every corner… many of them have unqualified students as teachers…

  • basically taekwondo has two origins. one is taekkyeon which traces back to the martial art hwarang practiced in silla dynasty. other one is karate which traces back to the martial art introduced by dharma who is indian monk in china. so taekwondo is related to hwarang and dharma.

    some people talk about what techniques of taekwondo came from taekkyeon. there are techniques which came from taekkyeon. but biggest influence of taekkyeon on taekwondo is sparring. traditional karate opposed sparring because karate people believed sparring ruins the martial art. but taekwondo broke tradition of karate and started sparring, because taekkyeon is sparring martial art and taekwondo was influenced by taekkyeon.

    taekwondo started sparring but still have pattern which came from karate. this is uniqueness of taekwondo. traditionally sparring martial art has no pattern. and pattern martial arts has no sparring. but taekwondo has both because it was created from both taekkyeon[sparring martial art] and karate[pattern martial arts].

    after taekwondo started sparring, karate followed taekwondo and started sparring, breaking their own tradition.

    subak is chinese words for taekkyeon. before korean alphabet was created, korean books were made with chinese alphabet. all korean words were written as chinese words in books. taekkyeon and subak is one of them. there is no subak in world out of books but only teakkyeon exist because subak is just chinese word for taekkyeon in books. subak which hwarang and other koean practiced in books is taekkyeon. some people thought taekkyeon and subak is different martial arts but they are wrong. if there is martial art called subak as korean martial art, it is very possibly new creation.

  • Post colonialism in Korea, especially after Japan had destroyed so much of the Korean historical record and artifacts led to the creation of a highly fanciful "history" of TKD where it was linked to some hoary ancient past. Not so. The founders of the kwans all studied Japanese/Okinawan/Chinese styles–Shotokan and Takeda Ryu Jujitsu and when they broke off on their own they added the kicking styles from Tae Kyon. The Korean influence over Karate is immense, as all karate schools today include the turning and spinning kicks brought from Korean stylists in the 1960s. Kyokushin karate was founded by May Oyama, who left Korea as Choi Hong Hi did and went to Japan, eventually becoming a Japanese citizen. Varanid 9's remarks below are quite accurate. I studied in RSOK back in the early 80s and old style O Do Kwan Chun Do Kwan was still around (mostly gone now) and Chun Mu Kwan Hapkido which is descended from Takeda Ryu.

  • Matthew Singleton says:

    Martial arts are traditionally secretive clubs and a result there are lots of varying degrees of interpretation.
    Put simply it is like a game of telephone where the messages get wildly reinterpreted. I have not practiced organized tae Kwon do over a decade even though I try to keep in kicking shape. And helped a buddy of mine obtain a 3rd degree black belt and a few opportunities to referee, compete and a conference.
    So I am not the worlds greatest tae kwon do scholar at this stage. But from what I understand my grandmaster was Jung Sun Kang My Master was Dennis Wiley and my instructor was Marc Brewer we practiced Chung do kwan. At the time we were under the AMA(American Martial Arts) which I believe is disbanded.
    1.I prefer to think they were influenced by both old Korean forms and also Japanese forms. Northern kung fu is practiced next door to korea so their styles would naturally be similar. Honestly after watching Taekeon videos my kicking seems more in line with them than the kicking of the Japanese.
    But at the end of the day this is all hand and foot fighting they are all similar at some level please pull your wedgies out of your dobaks!!!

    2. Tae kwon do has been bashed a great deal these days and I will provide the following reasons.

    A. popularity TKD has been too popular so it ieasier to learn to counter, and it is also easier to criticize.

    B. High kicking myths. It takes about a year to accomplish high kicks for most people and that is not being able to master it either. competing martial arts often lure their disciples away with a lazy attitude toward stretching.

    C. sport vs martial art. the making of a tkd Olympic sport provides a lot of confusion. Sparring was only a portion of my training. Our forms contain more than just kicks, we had plenty of time in self defense practice dealing with grappling and grappling situations, this was also often the case in our one-steps.

    D. commercialization through tournaments and ranking systems. Most of my training was away from the tournament atmosphere, we trained for defense and the art. But that is not the story of many schools. There are many horror stories about these abuses and the chickens are coming home to roost!

    e. traditional martials arts committed the sin of down playing the role of grappling. I was an amature wrestler at the time and critical of traditional martial arts for doing so. But now many hit the opposite extremese to devaluate kicking. But even Royce gracie has used head kicks in MMA fights and typically the most wimpy kicks to the head are instant knockouts.

  • Being a student of the Korean art of Hapkido and someone who has done my fair share of research into the history of the Korean arts, I tell everybody "Supposedly/believed to be." Korea seems to have an issue with needing to make the history of things (better in their eyes) and fudge or color the histories of things. Maybe it is all the Chinese and Japaneses occupations. Whatever it is, it is the same with TKD, Hapkido, Kuk Sul Won, Hwa Rang Do and the mythology of the Hwa Rang warriors. My own Gm knew and trained with many of the first HKD students even spending time with Hapkido's founder (believed to be) Choi Yong Sul. I have learnt his side of a lot of things and often it differs from what many others say. This is part of the problem, to many versions and so little can be verified…..

    If the Koreans would just realize that regardless of origins, in large part they have created some of the most popular and finest arts in the world. This is what should be the focus. I look at South Korea like the US in a way. They have taken everything given to them and made it uniquely Korean, and in many instances, better than its predecessor.

  • You made a mistake on Hwang Gi's name. Gi was his given name while Hwang was his family name. Therefore, he should be referred as Hwang.

  • 수박, 택견, 태권도는 한민족 고유 무술의 태표적인 무술로서
    고대 한반도의 부족국가들에게는 제례 의식으로서 가무, 유희 등이 존재했는데 이와 같은 몸짓들이 대결 구도로 잡히면서 축제의 일부분으로 자리를 잡게 되었다고 본다. 즉 원시적인 형태의 스포츠로 볼 수 있는 것이다. 또한 부족 간의 잦은 전쟁으로 말미암아 무술이 발생하게 된 것은 자연스러운 일이다. 이와 같이 실용적인 목적으로서의 무술과 진전 제례 행사로서의 목적이 융합되면서 한민족 고유의 무술 태권도의 원형이 갖춰진 것으로 여겨진다.

    태권도에 관한 원형을 살펴볼 수 있는 사료는 많은 편이다. 특히 고대의 고분 벽화나 불상, 서적 기록 등에 잘 나타나 있는데, 고분 벽화 중의 하나로, AD 209~AD 427년, 당시의 고구려의 수도였던 현재 만주 집안현 통구에 있는 무용총 현실 벽화가 대표적이라 할 수 있다. 이 벽화에는 두 사람이 일정한 간격을 두고 마주보며 손·발로 상대를 공격할 듯한 자세를 보여 오늘날의 태권도 경기 동작과 유사함을 발견할 수 있다.

    또 석굴암의 금강역사상이나 분황파 9층석탑의 인왕상 등의 몸 동작은 태권도의 품과 유사하다. 또한, 백제의 경우, 『일본서기』에 의하면 일본 조정에서의 백제의 대좌평 지적을 초청해 일본 건아들과 상박을 했다는 기록이 남아 있어 당시 일본인들에게 선진문화권인 백제인들이 맨손무예를 지도했다는 것을 알 수 있다.

    중세 고려에 와서는 삼국시대에 행해지던 택견(태권도)이 체계화된 무예로서 무인들 사이에서 활발히 행해졌다. 『고려사』에 보면 태권도가 '수박희'로 기록되어 있는데 이에 대한 언급을 여러 건 찾아 볼 수 있다. 예를 들어 "이의민은 수박희를 매우 잘하므로 의종 임금은 이를 사랑하여 대정에서 별장으로 승진시켰다.", "임금이 상춘정에 납시어 수박희를 보셨다.", "임금이 화비궁에서 수박희를 보셨다.", "말바위에 납시어 수박희를 보셨다." 등의 기록을 볼 수 있다. 고려시대의 수박희(태권도)는 무예로서뿐만 아니라 스포츠로서 제 삼자가 관람할 수 있을 정도로 체계가 서 있던 것으로 생각할 수 있다.

    근세 조선에 와서도 고려 때와 비슷하게 무인들 사이에 수박희(태권도)가 계속 성행했다. 더욱이 대중화된 경기가 되면서 백성들 사이에서도 행하게 되었다. 전라도와 충청도의 경계를 이루는 작지 마을에서 양도 사람들이 모여 수박희로서 승부를 다투었다는 기록에서 수박희는 무예로서만이 아니라 스포츠로서도 성행한 것을 알 수 있다. 또 『태종실록』권 19에 보면 "병조의 의홍부에서 수박희로서 인재를 시험하여 방패군에 보하되 3인을 이긴 자를 썼다."는 기록이 있으며, "임금이 잔치를 베풀고 군사로 하여금 수박희를 행하도록 하고 구경했다."(『태종실록』권32)는 기록도 있다. 뿐만 아니라 수박희는 실전에서도 사용되었다.

    현대에 이르러서는 일제의 한민족 탄압이 강화되기 시작하고 항쟁의 수단으로 사용될 수 있는 백성들의 무예수련은 금지되었다. 그러나 독립군, 광복군 등 항일조직의 심신 훈련방법으로서나 개인적인 무예 전승 의지에 따라 태권도(태견)의 명맥은 미미하지만 민족의 숨결 속에 이어지고 있었다. 해방 후 잊힌 우리의 태권도를 되찾자는 뜻 있는 이들이 모여서 후진을 양성하였으며 점차 우리의 뿌리를 찾아가게 되어 드디어 1961년 9월 16일 대한태권도협회가 창설되고 1963년 2월 23일 대한체육회에 27번째 가맹단체로 가입되어 1963년 10월 9일 전주에서 개최된 제44회 전국체전에 태권도가 공식경기로 처음 참가하게 되었다. 이와 같은 바탕하에 전 세계로 진출한 태권도 지도자들의 노력으로 태권도는 명실상부한 국제적 대중 스포츠로 발전하게 된 것이다.

    <부록>

    1945년 일제 해방 이후 국내에 여러 개의 무술 도장이 생기게 된다. 그 중 소위 '5대관(청도관, 송무관, 무덕관, 지도관, 창무관)이 가장 유명'하였는데, 이 도장들이 분화하여 생긴 9개관이 1960년대에 합쳐, 태권도의 모체가 된다. 최초의 태권도장인 청도관은 이원국에 의해 설립됐는데, 그는 어렸을 때 서울 안국동에서 택견을 수련했고, 이후 일본에서 공수도를 배우고, 중국에서는 쿵푸를 수련했다. 당시 최대의 태권도장이던 무덕관(1953년과 1970년 사이에 전체 태권도 수련자의 약 75%가 무덕관에서 배웠다.)은 황기에 의해서 설립됐는데, 그는 어릴 때 택견을 배우고, 중국에서 태극권과 쿵푸를 배웠다. 또한 개인적으로 공수도를 공부하였다.이후 한국의 무예서 《무예도보통지》를 연구하여 무덕관의 기술을 완성시킨다.

    한편 군인이었던 최홍희는 군을 중심으로한 오도관에서 무술을 보급했다. 그는 어려서 택견을 배우고 , 일본 중앙대학을 다니면서 공수도를 배운 뒤, 군에서 복무하며 군대격투기로 공수도를 지도하였다. 1954년 이승만 대통령이 육군의 공수도 시범을 관람한 후 "어린 시절 본 택견과 비슷하다"라고 언급하였고, 당시 육군 장성 최홍희가 택견을 태권으로 바꾸고, 여기에 도를 합하여 1955년 태권도라는 명칭을 탄생시켰다.[3] 최홍희가 총재를 맡았던 국제 태권도 연맹(ITF)에서는 최홍희를 태권도의 창시자로 보고 있다.

    1973년에는 국기원이 건립되며 태권도는 한국 고유의 무도로서 자리를 잡아갔으며, 사범 개인의 차원에서 이루어지던 해외 진출이 국가와 연맹의 차원에서 본격적으로 이루어졌다. 1973년 최홍희가 정치적인 이유로 캐나다로 망명하여 ITF 본거지를 토론토로 옮기자, 대한민국 정부는 대한 태권도 협회를 중심으로 새로 세계 태권도 연맹(WT)을 창립하여 태권도 보급에 나선다. ITF는 1980년대 이후 북한을 비롯한 공산권 국가에 태권도를 중심적으로 보급하며, WT와 함께 세계 태권도계를 양분하게 된다. 2007년 현재 WT에는 185개국이 회원으로 가입되었고, 약 680여만 명의 유단자가 배출되었으며, ITF에는 2007년 현재 102개국이 회원국으로 가입되어 있다.

    초기 태권도가 공수도의 영향을 크게 받은 것은 사실이고 태권도를 공수도에 기반한 무술로 보는 견해도 있다. 하지만 태권도는 공수도와는 전혀 다른 방향의 독자적인 전통 무예로서 고유의 특색을 개발시킨 성격이 강하다. 이는 초기 공수도와같은 타국가의 전통무술이 현대화에 접어들면서 변화하는시점과 동일하다. 태권도의 모체가 된 당시 9대관 관장 중에는 공수도를 배우지 않는 사람도 있었고, 중국 권법에 더 능숙한 사람도 있었기 때문이다. 태권도는 이후에도 많은 사람들에 의해 발전되었으며, 금지되었던 전통무술이 해방이후 1950년대 후반부터 한국 고유의 무술을 찾으려는 노력들이 있었고, 무예도보통지, 택견, 수박등 전통 한국 무예에서 발굴된 기술들이 태권도에 도입된다. Kimmo Rauhala 교수의 논문에 의하면 태권도 기술의 70%가 발차기이며, 이 발차기 기술들은 기존 무술에 없던 독특한 것이다. 1962년의 대한 태수도 경기 내용을 보면 공수도와 크게 다른 격투방식을 보이는 것을 알 수 있다.

    간략히

  • I really enjoy and appreciate the fact that u take the time to educate about different styles of martial arts. So many ppl get into the whole my style is the best and everything else sucks mentality. Glad to see thats not everywhere. Keep upthe good work

  • Shawn Scorpion says:

    Your Kenpo video was way better than this one. I hope you remake it and and in alot of TKD fights and flying kicks and all the beautiful parts of TKD and if you have time look up Korean sword dancing "Gumdo"

  • I enjoy your videos. Kyokushin parts 1 and 2 were a blast. Waiting for part 3. Anyways I am a practitioner of Chung do Kwan. We’re from the lineage of GM Duk Sung Son, who was a student of Founder – GM Lee Won Kuk. Just looking at the other Korean arts histories there’s more than one Korean martial artist who trained under Sensei Gichin Funakoshi. We share most of the forms with Tang Soo Do, it’s based on the Shotokan forms e.g. Pyung Ahn , and the black belt forms such as Chulgi. Keep feeding us videos!

  • Hwang Jang Lee is the greatest TKD I've seen which sparked my son and my interest. Unfortunately we have the Olympic style today which seems ineffective.

  • Shawn Scorpion says:

    I would like to make another cool point about the Korean arts… They do more foot work spinning than any other art. I would say even more than Kungfu. Youtube this Jackie Chan vs. Taekwondo
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uq7Xg6wiC34

  • Candid Sky Productions says:

    Known for paying for black belts and k own for stolen self defense techniques cause it was only setup for point doghting3

  • There's a lot more to it's story than this. Taekwondo, Way of the Had and Foot, roots were originally the common soldier's fighting system which was partially to blame for it being lost. Archaeologists found shards depicting what they thought were dance rituals but then years later someone discovered it wasn't dancing moves but rather fighting exercises. As much as possible of this system was resurrected but most was lost. The gaps in the evidence was eventually filled using other techniques to create modern day Taekwondo. Sorry for not having names and the such, my notes for a book of the histories of Martial Arts I was researching to write is buried somewhere under piles of notebooks

  • Thank you for the background! This vid: https://youtu.be/_xS7fy1lmuE is in tribute to Grandmaster Jhoon Rhee (who's lineage we represent at Ripple Effect Martial Arts). Tae kwon do's tradition is indeed richer than many assume!

  • This was the art that started it all for me and I've practice TKD for almost 8 years at the time. TKD has good foundation which I use in my current art of Kyokushin which I'm in at the moment for over a decade now.

  • Satoshi Hiramatsu says:

    It is just the copy of karate. There is no rich history in Taekwondo as you said. It spread because of the political force.

  • You’re better off not making this video at all. The politics surrounding Taekwondo is ugly as hell and almost every side of the argument is full of lies and deceit. The main reason for this is because Taekwondo’s politics is also Korea’s politics. The cold war never ended for them and because of this the south has a “Red Complex“ wich basically means that anything related to the nort is evil and should be destroyed. Which is also why General Choi is such a controversial figure. Park Chonghee did everything he could to demerit Choi because of thier different views.
    http://sooshimkwan.blogspot.com/2018/11/100th-anniversary-of-choi-honghi.html?m=1 – interesting read on the matter.

  • Paul the 2 marek Sørensen says:

    I have a high green belt in wtf taekwondo. I stop doing it because of family problems. Both of my grandpa and grandma are dead.thats what made me stop doing it.but I’ll be going back to doing it soon

  • Christopher Alex Pavlidis-Garkinis says:

    With all due respect sir, well done!! Cool video 😁😉.

    So, the "Three kingdoms" theory of TKD is completely unfounded. When Japanese arrived & conquered in Korea (1910) and even in Josun dynasty, there is little to no records of Subak, and Taekkyon is moreso a folklore art.

    Modern Taekwondo's origins include Shotokan, Quan Fa, Shudokan, Shito Ryu and Taekkyon, somehow mixed together and developed over time, especially from 1950s-1970s.

    Well done though, this video is quite an accurate description and I am impressed that you portrayed the truth of the Kwans & kwan unification. So many schools (Including the Kukkiwon & ITF) tell the myth about Taekwondo being an ancient art of Korean warriors etc.

    Peace man, I just subscribed to your channel. Awesome videos! 👍👏👏👏

  • Kevin Gonzalez says:

    Is TKD applicable for self defense? I notice that they do not do punching to the head but do kick to the head.

  • I just want to say again how much I enjoy and appreciate these videos. No politics, just looking for and sharing common roots. If you are not familiar with this series, I highly recommend it: Called "Great Journey of Karate," it follows Tatsuya Naka, 7th Dan of the JKA, as he goes exploring the roots of karate, taking him to Okinawa and then China. After a while, you start to see the kenpo overlaps. It's pretty engaging stuff. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=doYhdoomfxM

  • I started ITF TKD (Chang Hon) in 1994 under the tutelage of both Master John Graden and GM Michael Anderson (WAKO) here in St. Petersburg, Florida at USA Karate. I'm 5'11" so I was able to use my feet more often than my hands. I also was taught Shotokan where I could combine both my feet and hands equally. Keep the videos coming Mr. Dan! Osu.

  • Marc Sattler says:

    The Korean Martial Arts all tie themselves to the Muye Dobo Tong Ji.
    This book, however, has an almost exact copy in a Chinese version. Which suggests that a copy of this book was captured and duplicated by the Muye Dobo Tong Ji. The Japanese occupation from 1910-1945 includes banning of martial arts study. Banning of all books. The Japanese were attempting to rewrite history to make Korea Japan. All of the Hyungs or Katas come from Japanese or Okinawa. I am presuming that from either book or instructors
    Koreans adapted from KARATE
    TANG SOO DO is karate in Korean.

  • Ricky Puohotaua says:

    Pretty good brief coverage on taekwondo history, because of politics the story differs alot with the different organizations as to what really happened, pretty hard to know which one to believe for us born in a different time, however this version of events was pretty much what my instructor passed onto me aswell so good to know there is consistency with what really happened back then, from my studies general Choi also staged a revolution while being forced to fight for the Japanese empire was caught out and was imprisoned until the Korea japan ordeal was over, I'm on the 2nd book of his memoirs of his life as we speak. good video 🙂

  • Interesting how Hwa Rang Do is so rarely mentioned when people discuss Korean Martial arts…I wonder why…are people just that unfamiliar with it's existence, or is there some specific reason for its exclusion?

  • what happened to the TKD organization of the korean who even studied Okinawan Karate but separated from the Korean TKD?

  • I do tae-kwon-do and have found this so interesting. I also need to know some of the pattern/kata history and I could see some names that wrung a bell.

  • Taekwondo is nothing more than Japanese karate, in origins. In recent times, many Taekwondo kicks have borrowed from Wushu.

  • It's my opinion that China "Tang" dynasty has nothing to do with "Tangsoodo". Japanese pronounce Chinese character "tang" as "kara". They also pronounces Chinese character "Han" as "kara". "Han" is a name for Korean nations.

  • If only Taekwondo place just as much emphasis on fists as they do with their deadly kick, it would have so much more potential.

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