The Five Methods of Sparring in the Martial Arts

The Five Methods of Sparring in the Martial Arts

In the previous video we talked about
the types of training we used in order to get ready for free sparring. Basically
we’re going to talk about the methods of sparring and one other addition that I
like to add into it stay tuned we’ll talk about it Welcome to Shihan’s Dojo, I’m Shihan
Marty Husband and I’m here today to help you build your martial arts skills and
knowledge or if you’re wanting to learn more about the martial arts tell you a
little bit more about it so if you’re here for the first time jab that
subscribe button and punch that Bell so we can notify you when we have a new
video coming out the question for today is: What type of sparring do you train
for in order to compete or for self-defense” Let us know in the comments
and maybe we can get a discussion started as we discussed in the previous
video on the types of training that is done for sparring we covered the basic
dynamics that need to be looked at when trying to study for your martial arts if
you haven’t seen that video check it out up here and come back and watch the rest
of this video now as we were talking we’re going to talk about the methods of
sparring that are used today four of them are going to be in Sport plus the one I
will add because I consider it a type of sparring most conventional styles break
down that into four categories of a sport however from a conventional
standpoint I want to talk about other things that should be processed in in
understanding what types of sparring they’re really are. Methods a sparring
can vary from style to style or relative to the types of martial arts you’re
trying to use that includes boxing, savate, wrestling, BJJ, jiu-jitsu, karate
all of them are encompassed with that idea of sparring whether you’re doing it
for a tournament a UFC fight or just plain realistic fighting the martial
arts is about how we defend ourselves and utilize our offensive to take
control of a situation this is not an overall view mind you of sparring
because the subject is vast and in the future I hope to cover different aspects
of this and maybe break them down a little bit further
I just basically want you to remember that four different types that we have
the first one is probably the most common and it’s called non-contact
controlled sparring now non-contract control sparring it’s very simple that
the athletes will usually perform to control their techniques and not making
contact with like the face or the groin area or things like that that’s not to
say they don’t connect the it’s usually just a light touch or a
contact that’s done but the kicks and punches always have to stop short of the
head in order to protect the athletes and keep them from being injured there
are specific rules on targets and how the techniques are to be performed there
usually are performed to a subjective level that the judges decide are good
technique or bad technique or if they even got into the opponent no matter
what they still use the keys to focusing getting their distance their reactions
their timing just to make sure that these techniques look good it’s also an
important aspect that will help them in their types of fighting as they continue
to train now these rules do present a difficulty for some beginners or people
who don’t quite understand what they’re doing in the martial arts in that these
techniques never penetrate very far if they touch the body I think it also
causes the athlete to not understand self-defense as well although many
people out there will say this is a useless type of training for
self-defense I don’t agree with that I do believe though that people who train
in that type of situation need to be able to use bags, makiwara training or
have somebody padded up or both of them padded up so they can understand the
feel of contact now the bad thing is they’ll never really get a true feel for
contact unless they’ve hit something because even with the pads on from your
training contact sparring you can’t feel what’s really going on
overall this can help you like I said with your distance your timing your
reaction but it can also help you get a sense of unexpectedness so you can learn
from surprise attacks when you’re fighting people you don’t know in
tournaments I think it has its place for the types of people who want that kind
of sparring or self-defense the second type of sparring we’re gonna talk about
is touch slap controlled sparring this type of sparring was developed mostly
through Chinese practice such as Wing Chun, Qin Na and some Filipino martial arts
when they’re training now I don’t I’m not covering self-defense aspects here
because I feel that Filipino arts really has a great understanding the same with
many Chinese martial arts have a great understanding of self-defense this is
just a type of sparring and just to note we’re talking sporting aspects at this
point these techniques often lack power and look quite graceful
however they are good for understanding how to come into your opponent and in
better control them either by trapping them joint locks or sometimes takedowns
now some sports will not allow certain sweeps
reaps or throws to be used in type of a situation however there are
usually rules that allow them to take down certain types of throws and reaps some
tournaments I’ve seen that they will allow hip throws but they won’t allow
anything above the hip for throws though while sweeps they will not allow tax to
knees this is again to protect the athletes so you have to bear that in
mind not all people who are athletes in the martial arts want to get into full
contact cuz that’s just not what they’re into they still have to have some kind
of real contact training in order to best develop their self-defense the
third one is basically known as moderate controlled contact sparring this is as
we begin to see that there is more contact being made both in penetrating
the torso of the opponent and sometimes hitting the head hard enough to do a
knock out and doing this type of sparring there must be some mandatory
safety equipment in order to protect the athletes this can include different
things from helmets to gloves to whatever is necessary because it is used
a lot in Taekwondo and many other semi contact throughout the martial arts
again the safety equipment is only to curb the possibility of having major
injuries when using this type of a fighting or sparring system the bad
thing is it still has rules but it is more realistic for your self-defense and
still giving you the timing distance reaction the actual feeling of contact
that you’re actually hitting somebody but not necessarily full force still
recommended would be bag training, Makiwara training, and other various
types of striking and training that you can use to toughen up your hands and
feet and understand what contact is in many instances these types of sparring
will not allow you to use your elbows your knees or head butts because of the
excessive danger it can cause to the opponent that you’re fighting and can
cause permanent injury if person makes a mistake once a person is trying to train
with this type of sparring they have to make sure that they’re also training
other martial arts styles to understand how to handle them and be able to do
throws takedowns or whatever is necessary to add on to their own system
of fighting like the first two I still think it doesn’t give you a full feeling
of what it is for street fighting however again it can be iterated through
lecture through knowledge through training outside of the sparring ring in
order to facilitate a better self-defense system for them the fourth
one is basically called full contact sparring I mean how many of us out there
haven’t watched a good UFC fight or an MMA fight
or boxing or whatever we like to see these full-contact fights
there are many advocates out there that think this is the best type of sparring
for all types of levels well I don’t agree with you on that simply because as
I stated earlier not everyone wants to do full contact now there are people out
there who still have the warrior personality don’t want to go out there
and try to see how well they do this type of system gives them a feeling of
realism and allows them to understand what it feels like to be hit usually the
pads that are used within this are not usually as thick or as strong as the
ones that are used in the controlcontact sparring that we mentioned previously
but you will see some minor equipment such as cups and arms and taping up the
wrists so they don’t break through wrists and things like that and a lot of
these fights elbows knees again are not used remember when they you see these
sport fights like that they all have rules and that’s the one big thing I
have against most sports one of the sad things I see a lot of times with this is
a lot of the MMA fighters don’t have the fluidity or understand their own static
training and throw some very lousy techniques that could be used more
efficiently if they train themselves now I’m not saying that for everybody out
there but take a look you’ll see some of the especially amateur levels just swing
away or think that they’re sheer brute strength is going to get them through it
mind you strength will do damage but good knowledge of tactics and strategy
and understanding how to use the techniques properly is much more
efficient a coach is always needed for this type of training because safety is
paramount and this people get knocked out her broken bones whatever it could
happen might happen it follows Murphy’s Law to a tee it’s very important that a
person train extra hard because of the serious nature of the injuries that can
happen with this type of sparring so they have to be in good shape they have
to be able to take a punch they have to be able to fall or grapple it’s very
important to not hurt themselves and if you go in without some of these skills
you will be at a loss in trying to get ahead in the fight again this is also
limited with the aspect of certain rules the next and final method I want to
discuss is what I’ve mentioned several times throughout here and it’s
self-defense when you look at self-defense there are
no rules there are no set ways of being able to fight however
you have to train outside of those other sporting areas too just to understand
what could happen in the street the first four methods tend to be not using
weapons of any type that could hurt you or anything they’re usually open hand or
or empty hand if you want to call it that but in the street there’s no
referees there’s no rules there’s nothing to help so a person has to train
with this thought in mind they need to sit down and focus on the different
aspects of their self-defense because in reality this is the ultimate test for
the martial artist if they ever have to use it none of the other four completely
get you ready for self-defense so that’s why in all of those other four you need
to train specifically for this type of sparring again you can’t send a person
out on the street and say hey try what you’ve learned because they’re gonna get
arrested or they’re gonna get hurt or somebody’s gonna do something nasty that
shouldn’t have been done in the first place
strategy and tactics are so important in being able to defend yourself one has to
understand this process to a tee however all of these methods of sparring need to
be reviewed constantly especially for the average martial artist who doesn’t
necessarily go into these contact types of sparring of the first four these
should never be treated as self-defense I don’t care what you think about it
it’s a sport that you’re doing with those first four that’s what you’re
training for to look pretty look good and be able to win a fight self-defense
is much more than that it’s about surviving now in a self-defense
situation survival is the only thing that’s paramount to making sure you get
home that night now this could have been broken down even further but I thought I
would introduce you basically to these types of methods so we could better talk
in the future on the different aspects that I want to cover later it’s not easy
for me to say which is the best and it’s not for me to say what is best for you
however weigh what you’re trying to accomplish and what’s going to get you
to your goal when you’re trying to decide what type of sparring you are
actually wanting to get into and don’t judge other people’s sparring methods at
all because there are a vast array of different things that are learned when
you’re doing those types of sparring as a matter of fact if you teach somebody
who controlled non-contact if they don’t touch the face and they can focus it
here if they’re trained properly they can focus at three inches behind a head
when they need to in real life always meant remember keep your prejudice and
you can learn so much for many different martial arts if you don’t sit there
saying oh this is the best this is the best way to do it it’s not the best way
is what’s good for you so I hope this has been a good
introduction to the methods of sparring and if you like this click like down
there or share with your friends tell others about us so we can have Shihan’s
Dojo grow and don’t forget the question of the day what sparring methods do you
use for your type of system or combat training let us know in the comment down
there are any questions you might have and we will try to get back to you just
as soon as possible and hopefully we’ll see you again here on Shihan’s Dojo


One thought on “The Five Methods of Sparring in the Martial Arts”

  • This video gives a breakdown of the methods of sparring. I hope this helps everyone to realize the difference between the methods and how they differ. Let me know what you think and anything you might like to see in the future for this series.

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