Reverse Punch Objectives Study in Martial Arts Training Part 1

Reverse Punch Objectives Study in Martial Arts Training Part 1


So you want to begin your technique
studies and you’re not sure where you want to start today we’re going to look
over the aspects of punching and how to use with a basic study technique
starting with a general outline stay tuned we’ll talk about it Welcome to Shihan’s Dojo I’m Shihan
Marty husband and I’m here today to help you build your skills and your martial
arts or if you’re wanting to know a little bit more about the martial arts
give you some more information so if you’re here for the first time and you
want to build your skills and the knowledge in the martial arts jab that
subscribe button and punch that belt so we can notify you and we have a new
video coming out the question for today is: What techniques do you feel you need
to study in order to enhance your martial arts skills? Let us know in the
comments which ones you would like to cover and and then you might be able to
help us all build up our own styles in conversation now before we get started I
hope you’ve seen my first intro to this a studying technique and basically sets
up how we’re going to start looking at techniques when we’re starting to learn
them here at Shihan’s Dojo this will help you get some idea where we’re going
to go with this series if you haven’t seen it click the link come back and
start watching this video here those covered down how we start setting up the
study for our punch there are many things a person can do when studying
their own techniques I think when we get a lot of ideas that we need to
understand or the way the techniques should go or be done we need to find out
how much more we need to learn it really sounds simple to beginners because I
think they’re able to grasp things more easily since they’re new to the process
so we have to actually think what is a punch and what have we learned so far to
put it into our notes so we can create a basic outline the first part is outline
we’re going to cover today is basically the objectives and there’s five of those
main ones that we’re going to go through and next week we’ll take an even further
by basically describing everything we need to do with this outline the
objectives we have to figure out here or what is going to allow us to test and
begin to study what we need to expect from our techniques as in we are with
punching here let’s start with the first objective basically the ideals of what
we’re going to use with the upper body first of all how do we make a proper
fist now there are many different types of fists you can make it’s all dependent
on the style you’re in but basic fists is what we’re going to talk
about today by basically creating a fist you have to curl your pinky finger then
go straight to your ring finger then your middle finger and your front finger
and then laps your thumb over the top this tightens your fist so that it will
be compact enough that it won’t hurt as much when you hit something especially
if you’ve not trained enough there are other variations you can do with
knuckles and that there but we’ll cover that another time next we’ll take a look
at the actions specifically the hip actions in the upper body
so we’re basically assuming we’re going to have torque coming from these hips in
order to add to our centrifugal force to enhance the power of our punch now this
is assuming we’ll cover a little bit more on phasic positioning in the lower
body when we get to that objective the important thing to remember is that the
hips start at a 45 degree angle facing forward this is more than just a setup
it helps the body by keeping the front arm in forward for defense now this
could change depending on what style you’re in but for now we’ll assume that
the front hand is going to parry or block or whatever you need to do well
cover defense another time but for now just understand that the ending position
will be at 90 degrees to the center of our body going forward with the hip
action you also have to understand how the arm glides along the body basically
scraping if you’re starting from a classical position to rub against the
body as it moves outward this helps us not to Telegraph our punch by keeping
our elbows in there are many different locations we could start by putting our
elbow down by our body that when we’re torquing it can come from there and it’s
a shorter distance and you can actually deliver just as much power sometimes and
remember the hands have to be pointed forward to the intended target will not
debate the differences in these techniques at this point because there’s
too many different stylized ways of looking at things
needless to say if we’re going to do a classic style we need to start the fist
to the hip and then scrape and follow through along the west side of the body
with that arm we also make the assumption that you’re only using your
pointer knuckle and your middle index finger to contact of your target that
you plan to launch your technique on sometimes punches have a last-second
twist to them while others might corkscrew or another one might go
horizontal from the body others you might have to use are like a half punch
where you don’t fully extend your arm out through the punch they’d have to
stop against the body before you can actually do a full extension
you also have a hooking punch which can come across in front of you and is
sometimes known as a right or a left cross depending on which arm you are
using there are other variations that can be used and broken down but suffice
for now that we broke down the punches we need to discuss and understanding the
objectives you also have to be aware of where your punch is going in practice
one should focus the punches to the center of your body when the hips are at
90 degrees and the punch is at the level of your solar plexus many styles talk
about center line and how to attack with it and you have to use your center line
as a supporting for your attacks when you use them this is very important we
also have to understand when we’re punching what are the main muscle groups
we are using and controlling for our punches no in most cases it’ll be from
your shoulder area to your armpit or better yet your deltoids and your pecs
these two main muscle groups are the source of your you’re locking strength
and your muscular control when actually applying the technique and the final
part of a physical objective we need to understand the main physical principles
of when there’s an action there’s an equal and opposite reaction this means
we need to make sure when we’re punching we’re pulling our lead hand back say for
blocking towards the head or if you’re in classical style doing basics and that
it’ll go to your hip not a great place for self-defense but you understand if
you’re in classical this is just based on the dependency or the purpose of the
technique you are studying now let’s talk about the second objective of the
lower body these could be as lengthy as understanding the upper body simply
because there are just as much a part of the punch as the upper body now we’ll
assume everything’s in a phasing position so when I say facing position
it’s basically saying you have your legs bent and most of your weight over your
main support leg unless you’re running a 50/50 stance whether it’s from the rear
or for the front the main front part of your knee it should be in front of or
directly over the base of the big toe you see boxers do it and you’ll see most
martial artists do it and they’ll call it basically the knee over the toe
positioning but phasic position is important so you can handle your balance
and your movement effectively when trying to deliver your techniques in
understanding the lower body one has to realize that their feet should at least
be shoulder-width apart and the weight evenly distributed between the legs when
possible for movement understanding the body one should make sure that their
feet separated one more forward one to the rear
with the front foot slightly pigeon-toed in and being pigeon-toed in it’s not
facing directly at the target but in the general direction or a little angle to
help you move in and a little bit of an angle to help you with your mobility
factors that you need to understand that base of the toe needs to be held at all
points the front foot should always remain at least over the base of the toe
unless you’re using a back Sansa will cover the rear foot in a second here but
if you’re leading in a lead stance that front knee should be over there so
you’re not easily swept or taken down the rear foot itself should be pointing
straight towards the target as much as possible depending on how you do it you
can have the heel to the ground or be up on your rear toe so you can move back
and forth or or help you shift in this situation we’ll talk about the heel
being to the ground the heel is the driving force into the ground as an
over-exaggeration will use a motorcycle to think about here for a second when
you’re trying to kickstart an old fashioned motorcycles without a starter
the thrusting action as I said is over exaggerated but it penetrates into the
ground kind of like you would be when you kickstart that motorcycle next and
finally for this lower part of the objective proof of stance now we talked
about the knee over the toe there but proof of stances is so much more than
just keeping a phasic position when you’re transitioning you have to make
sure your height doesn’t change that your body doesn’t Telegraph with your
stance or any movements that you might do too often people do not understand
that the proof of stance is probably as important as any of the technique in
order to control better finalize technique and estancia ting the proper
transitions that come with using these techniques I have a video on proof of
stance right up here if you want to go see it
it explains a little bit about it and it’s an intro to it so I’d highly
recommend if you get a chance to go out and view it but I would suggest you
check it out so you can have an understanding of the basic concepts of
the proof of stance so now that we understand the physical objectives and
we have to now go into the mental objectives that will be needed in order
to study our technique we’ll just cover a few here because there’s a lot
depending on how you study and what type of fighting you’re doing the first and
most important thing is understanding the proper relaxation that needs to be
done when you’re training and fighting your muscles should have a relaxed
feeling especially through inhaling and exhaling when you connect that exhale
then you’ll be locking your body safe from your hara or wherever
understanding if contact also allows you to understand
when you need to contract your body through that exhalation that you’ll be
doing relaxation needs to be always maintained until the point of contact
it’s a very important concept that needs to be adhered to when training or
fighting also you mental object if you have to have your mind focused exactly
on what you’re trying to accomplish you have to make sure you’re getting that
focus to the center of your body and the and the attack center as well as
training the mind to understand and be able to initiate what it needs to when
it’s working so you have to so this is basically called mind weapon focus you
probably heard of this in Japanese styles as kime it’s very important
that you understand how to focus your mind in the attack using your body and
the point of focus that you’re actually going to use there’s another aspect
that’s looked into that the Japanese call Zanchin but it’s basically just a
follow-through I just want you to be aware of what it is now that we have the
physical and mental objectives down let us talk about the action objectives
action objectives have to be broken down into two categories the starting
position and the ending position there should be a middle category between them
but those will be handled more with the descriptions and comments that we’ll do
in the next video so let’s understand the starting position of our punch to
see where the faceook positioning is we have to make sure that the rear leg is
bent and that the knee is over the base of the toe for the front foot or or
switched if you are using a back stance of some type make sure their arms and
shoulders are 45 degrees as well as the hips and the elbows are gently resting
near or against your body now I wouldn’t suggest putting them against your body
but the rear hand could be against your body in the front hand out slightly I’d
say at least a fist in a quarter away from your body through your leg being
bent was what we talked about earlier with having that where we had the rear
foot pointing forward as much as possible but it’s only slightly bent not
like you’re dropping to the ground or getting low or anything like that your
ab muscles and your glutes are slightly tense so you can maintain your phasic
position and the proof of stance that you’re in depending on what you’re
trying to do the rear elbow can be slightly against the body and a loose
fist being held making sure that these fists are pointing forward towards your
targets that means the front hand should be pointing towards the opponent or the
target in case you need to jab or parry with it and the rear hand should be
pointing to the main target that you want to attack
now we’re not going to talk about change-up speed or anything like that
right now but know this just because it’s pointing there doesn’t mean it has
to necessarily be delivered there as I tell my students if you have a weapon
you wouldn’t point it in the opposite direction if you’re going to use it
because the shortest distance is between two points your leg being bent in the
rear and the front helps you to springload that technique in a moment’s
notice without much thought now let us understand the last part of this action
objective and that we’re at the point of contact in delivering the punch to the
target when the punch reaches its conclusion the rear leg then straightens
out and then knee position for the phasic position goes over the edge of
the toe or very near the edge of the toe you have to make sure there’s no
hyperextension with that rear leg you still want to keep it just slightly bent
with that knee facing forward so you can move back quickly if need be as I
mentioned earlier the hips will be ending at a 90 degree position off the
center of your body at the level of your solar plexus there should be a way
transition or a sinking feeling as that punch goes through with the hips feeling
like they’re going down at like a 35 to 45 degree angle towards the ground the
tension from the leg should only lock for a split second then be able to
spring back for a parry or an attack if need be now that we’ve discussed the
main objectives of the reverse punch we’ll be able to start to set up our
general descriptions figure out common errors we might have and add any other
notes or comments that we might feel necessary to perform a proper punch my
suggestion today is take what you heard in this outline study we did today write
it down in a way that’s good for you so that you can understand for yourself by
using your own system that you’re creating in the next video we’ll go into
these descriptions using scientific principles to help us understand what
we’re trying to accomplish find out what we can do wrong and cause loss of power
or whatever and just enough to take the time to see what’s effective by
analyzing these techniques to better build on our foundation I would have
done this all in one video but there was too much information so I thought I’d
bring it out this way and then finish up the reverse punch in the next video so
you can have the information altogether we also plan on having other videos in
the future I’m parrying, kicks how to use them throws basics ideas principles but
I think in the next few weeks I’ll be setting up a front
kick and the actions in studies that need to be done for it now helped us
help you to understand what goes into the introduction of a study of a
technique however as with all studies they should be built upon and find the
things that are missing that you didn’t think about this study will not be
complete in any way shape or form as a matter of fact there might be a few
things you can’t use or their understanding here or could add to it
let us know in the comments down there we’d love to have discussions on things
that need to be added or or better when we’re trying to learn how to do a
technique if you like this video press like down there and share with your
friends so we can help see hodge dojo grow don’t hesitate to ask questions
I’ll try to answer them as quickly as possible and best I can
don’t forget the question of the day what techniques do you feel you should
understand to better your own martial arts let us know down there also and I
hope to see you again here on Shihan’s Dojo

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