Athletic Body Type for Sport Selection

Athletic Body Type for Sport Selection

Are certain body types better suited to certain sports? Hello everybody,
This is dr.Fox from the Fox’s Power Basement. Please, like and subscribe. People are born with an inherited body type
or somatotype, based on skeletal frame and body composition. Ectomorphs are long and lean, with little body fat, and little muscle. They have a hard
time gaining weight. Endomorphs have lots of body fat, lots of
muscle, and gain weight easily. Mesomorphs are athletic, solid and strong.
They carry a lot of muscle and can both gain and lose weight without too much effort. Everyone falls, though not altogether neatly, into the three categories of body types. Of course these are generalizations, and most of us have characteristics of 2 or even all
3 somatotypes. Classic combination somatotypes include pear-shaped
ecto-endomorphs with thin, delicate upper bodies and high fat storage in the hips and thighs, and apple-shaped endo-ectomorphs, with high fat storage in the mid-section and
thin lower bodies. During the next few minutes I will put up
some very nice images, published November 2013 in the Daily Mail, showing the incredible range of shapes and sizes as 125 of the world’s mostly finely-tuned athletes measure up against each other. I will put the link to the article in the description. Generally most people are mixtures of body
types, but those who are mesomorphic tend to do well in sports such as weightlifting, while running is where ectomorphs are found to excel. Research shows that some people’s muscles
have a greater capacity to deliver big bursts of energy for short periods, while others
are better at delivering a smaller amount of steady power over a sustained period. The
former group are adapted to power events and the latter are better suited to endurance
sports. Muscles are made up of two different types
of fibers. The “slow twitch” fibers deliver prolonged contraction over many minutes or hours favoring endurance events. The “fast twitch” fibers deliver extreme amounts of power for a few seconds favoring sprint events or those requiring sudden power, such as weightlifting. The ratio of fast to slow fibers in each person is genetic. Marathon runners tend to be light and lean and gold medal power-lifters are solid blocks of muscle with short arms and legs. A 1.5 meter guy has little chance of becoming an elite basketball player, but being 2meters with the springiest tendons in the land doesn’t automatically propel you to Olympic gold. Unless you have tactical sense where needed, access to decent equipment, medical backup and the
optimum psychological conditions for a winning attitude. And be able to power yourself through
pain, and of course, superb technique, all the physical attributes will be in vain. But still, having the right physique for the right sport is a great starting point. There is also a race issue. African origin competitors hold the majority of leading times for top running events, even though only 1/8 of the world population is black. And the
Kalenjin tribe from Kenya holds 40% of the world class medals for distance running.
These Kenyan people tend to have slim legs, with a genetic trait of high calf muscles,
which is an efficient anatomy for a runner. They also live above 2,000ft, which helps
to increase the body’s amount of red blood cells and its cardiovascular capacity, which
are both vital for distance running. Research shows that an ideal 100m sprinter
is tall, with a strong mesomorphic body shape with a high percentage of fast twitch fibers (more than 80%). Top sprinters have slim lower legs and relatively narrow hips which
gives a biomechanical advantage. They are able to use muscle fuel so fast that they
are basically running on fumes by the end of the race. The perfect weightlifter is well muscled with a strong mesomorphic body type. Not tall,
good weightlifters tend to have relatively short arms and legs, which makes them more
efficient levers. Their cardiovascular systems are able to stand sudden surges in blood pressure,
and have high percentage of fast twitch fibers. Although it seems certain body types are better
suited to certain sports, there is still a considerable degree of ‘you are what you
train for.’ The more recent research into sporting genes could have even greater implications
than body type in terms of ‘determining’ who can be good at certain sports and who
will be ‘made’ better at a sport. And don’t forget, numerous sports exist
where your body shape will be suited no matter what it is. Some of the most famous sports
have become popular because of the fact that so many shapes and sizes are able to take
part. Prime examples are soccer, football and rugby. Other sports, such as windsurfing,
archery and cycling are other known examples, where it is your concentration, dedication
and strength, rather than shape, that matters most. I hope you enjoyed this video.
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